1957

Cu

P. Cubensis

Psilocybe

Cubensis

Psilocybe Cubensis was officially identified by R. Gordon Wasson, former Vice President of J.P. Morgan Chase and a hobbyist mycologist. In 1957 he wrote an article published in Life magazine entitled "Seeking the Magic Mushroom", in which he described his psilocybin experience during a shamanic ceremony. Wasson was traveling in Mexico when he met a famed shaman, Maria Sabina, who agreed to let him take part in the ceremony, the first time a "westerner" had been allowed to do so. Wasson returned from this trip with a sample of the mushrooms and sent them to Albert Hoffman, the Swiss chemist credited with the discovery of LSD, who cataloged the existence of 4 psychoactive compounds contained by the mushroom. These compounds and their approximate concentration are psilocybin (0.65%), psilocin (0.60%), baeocysin (0.025%) and norbaeocystin (negligible). P. Cubensis is arguably the most common species and certainly the easiest to cultivate. In nature they are a moderatly potent species however extensive genetic isolation performed by many both amateur and professional mycologists has exponentially raised the potency of the species. Drastic differences in both appearance and potency can be found in the over 60 cataloged "strains" with some, notably Penis Envy containing up to 50% higher levels of psilocybin/psilocin

Appearance

Psilocybe cubensis, like all mushrooms of the Psilocybe genus, have a hygrophanous nature, meaning their coloration shifts depending on hydration levels, however it is important to note that this trait is less pronounced in the P. cubensis species. They turn a bluish color when handled or bruised, due to the oxidization of psilocin. The underside of the pileus is densely gilled, and they possess a thin gelatinous veil (pellicle) separating the pileus and stipe. 

 

Pileus (caps) generally measure from 15-80mm in diameter. Early in the fruiting cycle they are often concical opening to broadly convex, frequently with a central umbo (bump) that remains as the cap opens out, becoming almost plane in maturity. Pileus coloration ranges from reddish cinnamon brown in young fruiting bodies and fades to a golden caramel or pale yellow when mature. Caps are sometimes darker at the centre, and speckled or mottled white throughout.

 

Lamella (gills) on the underside of the cap are moderately crowded, narrow at margins and slightly enlarged in the centre. Starting out pale greyish, they gradually darken and by full maturity become a purplish brown, often retaining paler at the edges. Lamella show through as lines or striations on the outer part of the cap when fresh and under favourable lighting conditions.

Stipe (stem/stalk) ranges from 40-150mm long and 5-15mm thick, and thickens towards the base in most strains (Transkei cubensis being a notable exception to this). Often the stipe is slightly curved, however relatively stiff and non-pliable. Whitish in colour, sometimes discoloured near the base and discolours slightly yellowish when dry. Also will quickly bruise blue when handled fresh. The stipe surface is smooth and often striated near the apex, above the annular zone. The base is frequently covered with white fluffy mycelial tufts.

Spores Dark purplish to brown when deposited and darkening with age, subellipsoid shape. Microscopic size ranging from 11.5-17 x 8-11 micrometers

 

Psilocybe Cubensis has a farinaceous (similar to freshly ground flour) odor and taste.

Natural Habitat

Psilocybe Cubensis, unlike most other Psilocybe members who prefer lichenous substrate, is found in nature fruiting on the dung of various bovines, or on well manured grounds. It has a well established natural range and has been observed throughout the southwestern United States, Mexico, Cuba, Central America, South America, India, Southeast Asia, and Australia.

Psilocybe cubensis can be observed in nature as visually congruent to the description above, however under artificial conditions it can be drastically different in appearance and effect. It has been favoured for decades among mycologists and cultivators because it is highly adaptable to a range of environments and more resistant to contamination than other Psilocybes. This specie as undergone extensive genetic isolation over the course of many decades, and therefore has artificially evolved increased potency and drastically varied visual characteristics. There now exist over 60 distinct Psilocybe Cubensis "strains"

 

Cubensis Strains

A+

A+ Cubensis

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Aa+

Albino A+

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Ac

Acadian

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Ag

Argentinian

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Al

Alcabenzi

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Am

Amazon

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Ape

Albino Penis

Envy

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

As

Allen Strain

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi
Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Atc

Albino Trea-

sure Coast

Aus

Australian

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

B+

B+ Cubensis

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Bt

Ban Thurian

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Bht

Ban Hua

Thanon

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Aus

Australian

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Bm

Blue Meanie

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Bmx

Bix Mex

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Bu

Burmese

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Bz

Brazilian

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Ca

Cambodian

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Ch

Chilean

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Cl

Columbian

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Cr

Costa Rican

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Cu

Cuban

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Ec

Ecuador

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

El

Elephant

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Es

Escondito

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

F+

F+ Cubensis

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Gt

Golden

Teacher

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Gu

Guadalajara

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Gc

Gulf Coast

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Ha

Hanoi

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Hon

Honduran

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Hu

Huaulta

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Kc

Keepers

creeper

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Kss

Koh Samui

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Mal

Malabar

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Mar

Martinique

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Maz

Mazatepec

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Mk

Mckenaii

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Men

Menace

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Mr

Mathias

Romero

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Mex

Mexicube

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Mz

Mestizo

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Nm

Na Muang

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Oak

Oak Ridge

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Ori

Orissa India

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Paz

PES

Azurescen

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Psh

Pes

Hawaiian

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Pfa

Pf Albino

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Pfc

Pf Classic

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Pfr

Pf Redspore

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Pal

Palenque

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Pa

Panama

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Pe

Penis Envy

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Pe6

Pe #6

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Peu

Pe Uncut

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Pen

Penascola

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Per

Peru

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Pi

Pink Buffalo

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Pr

Puerto Rico

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

R44

R44 Cubensis

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Tas

Tasmanian

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Tc

Treasure Coast

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Th

Thai

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Tr

Transkei

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Wg

Wollongong

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Zs

Screen%20Shot%202019-12-17%20at%2010_edi

Z strain